Government-to-Government (G2G) Education Toolkit
This toolkit assists education officers and USAID partners with assessing, designing, managing, and evaluating G2G education activities. The intent of the toolkit is to be a living set of tools which are regularly updated based on feedback from the field.
Agency Policy & Strategies: Policies and Guidance
These resources provide key policy and guidance documents.
Country Development Cooperation Strategy: Assess
The following steps will help assess your country and government context:
- Review country and government context: government development policy, program, financing, Public Financial Management Risk Assessment (PFMRAF) 1.
- Review education sector: policy, programs, financing, donors roles.
- Assess pupil learning: EGRA reading standard.
- Assess government, NGO, and private sector institutional interest and capacity for reform of early grade reading at national, district, and local levels: use Institutional Capacity Assessment (ICA) Tool - Stage 1.
- Assess Mission/USAID capacity for policy engagement, institutional capacity building, and management of G2G.
- Set priorities in Project Concept Paper for early grade reading and role of G2G.
The following steps will help to design your G2G project:
- Design results framework: Include strategic path for early grade reading and prioritize institutions and actions for G2G roles.
- Assess public and private institutional capacity and development gaps at national, district, and school levels: use Institutional Capacity Assessment (ICA) Stage 2.
- Determine mix of project and G2G modalities by developing a matrix with actors, level of funding, milestones and indicators: use Public Financial Management Risk Assessment (PFMRAF) 2.
- Design project Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning Plan and impact assessments.
- Prepare Approval of Use of Partner Country Systems (AUPCS), Project Approval Document (PAD) and Bilateral Project Agreement.
The following steps will help to implement your G2G project:
- Initiate implementing mechanisms:
- Grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, with international actors
- G2G Project Assistance: Fixed Amount Reimbursement (FARA), DCR
- G2G Program Assistance: Sector Program Assistance (with Sector Wide Approach [SWAp])
- Participate in sector strategy planning, budgets, evaluations, and reviews.
- Provide oversight and guidance of G2G management, capacity building, and feedback assessments in relation to Results Framework. Refer to G2G Management Considerations.
- Implement project activities.
Monitoring & Evaluation
The following steps will help you monitor and evaluate your G2G project:
- Design and implement sampled baseline assessments and schedule for repeated sampling of key variables and achievements annually.
- Contract technical assistance for external evaluation during design of baseline.
- Establish frequent and regular feedback from the field to assess progress and early results.
- Supervise grantees and contractors on provision of timely data for the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning Plan and reporting.
Learning and Adapting
The Lessons Learned and Good Practices document summarizes effective ways to enhance understanding and application of G2G in education sector development. Based on a review of 100 documents, it offers a perspective on the use of government systems in education, with implications for use in reform of a system for improved student reading skills. These case studies and profiles provide a country context to USAID’s decision to engage in G2G assistance or a snap-shot of the current status in a country.
G2G Lessons Learned and Good Practices
Annotated Bibliography for G2G Lessons Learned and Good Practices
Initiating G2G in Afghanistan
Literacy in Ethiopia G2G Case Study
Using Country Systems in Ghana
Senegal’s Reading Program: PALME